بررسی عوامل اجتماعی موثر بر کارگروهی با نقش تعدیل گر تعهد عام( مورد مطالعه: زنان بالای 20 سال شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشگاه آزاد تهران غرب

چکیده

کار گروهی شامل همکاری در قالب و تحت سازماندهی نظام دموکراتیک گروه است؛ این یک شکل از عضویت داوطلبانه اعضاء است که مجموع خروجی فعالیت را، نسبت به زمانی که فعالیت به صورت فردی، انجام شود، به طور قابل ملاحظه ای افزایش می دهد. پژوهش حاضر به بررسی تأثیر عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر کار گروهی زنان با در ‌نظر ‌گرفتن نقش تعدیل‌گر تعهد‌عام پرداخته‌است. در این تحقیق هدف تعیین تأثیر عوامل‌اجتماعی با مؤلفه‌هایش بر کارگروهی با ابعاد «هدف مشترک، احساس مشترک، ارزش مشترک و تعامل مشترک» است. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر را زنان بالای 20 سال شهر تهران در سال 1398 با جمعیت 2817308 نفر تشکیل‌ داده‌است؛ حجم نمونه با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS Sample Power بدون نیاز به‌ جمعیت ‌آماری و تنها با در‌ نظر ‌گرفتن متغیرهای مستقل پژوهش با در نظر گرفتن وضعیت مطلوب 520 نفر برآورد ‌شده‌است. روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای بوده‌است. یافته‌های به‌دست‌آمده از تحلیل داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده با استفاده از نرم افزارSPSS و SMART PLSS حاکی از آن است که فرضیه‌ها مبنی بر تأثیر متغیرهای کنش ‌ارتباطی، مدارای ‌اجتماعی و سلامت ‌اجتماعی بر کارگروهی و ابعاد آن تأیید شده است ولی فرضیه تأثیر اعتماد اجتماعی بر کار گروهی رد شده‌است؛ نقش تعهد ‌عام در رابطه تأثیر مدارای ‌اجتماعی در افزایش کار گروهی مؤثر واقع شده‌است؛ به‌عبارتی تعهد‌ عام تقویت ‌کننده رابطه بین دو متغیر کارگروهی و مدارای ‌اجتماعی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey the effect of Social Determinants on work group between Women up 20 years in Tehran :The moderator role of General commitment

نویسنده [English]

  • Maryam Mogharabian
TEHRAN GHARAB UNIVERSITY
چکیده [English]

group works is defined as Colleagues together within the framework of the group's democratic system; This is a form of voluntary membership which significantly increase the sum of the output of the activity, in compared with performing the individually.The present study investigates the impact of social factors on women's group work. The purpose of this study was to identify social factors with their dimension's group work of, (common goal, common sense, common value and shared Interaction). The statistical population of this study was women aged 20 years and above in Tehran with population of 2817308 in 1398; But according to Spss Sample Power software have been used according to calculation type and sample size(volume). The sample size was estimated to be 520 without considering the statistical population and considering only the independent variables of the study considering the desirable status. The type of sampling used was multi-stage clustering. Findings from the analysis of data collected using SPSS and SMART PLS3 regression-based software indicates that assumptions about the influence of social factors variables (social health, communication action and social tolerance) are Values (336/4, 620/3and 530/6) = Tvalue, respectively, of the workgroup and its dimensions but the hypothesis of the effect of social trust with values of (534/1) = Tvalue on group and group activity is rejected; The moderator role of General commitment to the impact of social tolerance has been effective in enhancing groupwork

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Group work
  • General commitment
  • Comminicative Action
  • Social trust
  • social tolerance
–Abdollahi Mohammad (2009) Problems and Solutions for Measuring and Analyzing Social Capital in Iran. PERSIAN
–Aron, Raymond (2013) Etapes de la pensee sociologique: main currents in sociological thought.Bagher Parham.Tehran. PERSIAN
–AzedanlooHamid (2017). Fundamental sociological concepts: An Introduction
–Bourdieu, Pierre. (2011) Social capital: Trust, Democracy and Development  / Effort Kian Tajbakhsh. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Bourdieu, Pierre.(2002)Raisons pratiques: sur la theorie de l'action.mardiha,morteza Tehran   PERSIAN
–Boudon, Raymond (2003) Beyond Rational Choice Theory, Annual Review of sociology, 29: 1-21.
–Bokharayi.A.M.H. & Tavafi. P  (2016) A Sociological Study of the Relationship between Joyfulness and Social Health. 25.1-39
–Chiharu, sh. (2007), EFFECT OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL FACTORS ON LEARNERS’ GROUP WORK ACTIVITY, Ritsumeikan Asia Pasific University during 2007. Her research focuses on classroom research and peer interaction.
–Christie, Daniel J & Dawes, Andrew (2001) Tolerance and Solidarity, Peace and Confilict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 7 (2), 131-142.
–Conyers, A.J. (2001). The Long Truce: How Toleration Made the World Safer for Power and Profit. Dallas TX: Spence Publication
–Coser, Lewis (Alfred Macters of sociological thought; ideas in historical.Sabouri, Manouchehr. Tehran
–CHalabi, Masoud. (2003). Experimental Study of Personality System in Iran. .‎Tehran. PERSIAN
–Department of Islamic Culture and Guidance of Tehran Province(2001) Proceedings of the First Conference on Investigating the Causes and Factors of the Priority of Collective Materials over the Benefits of Individual.Tehran
–Faulks, Keith (2012) Citizen ship.Delfrouz.Mohammadtaghi. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Ferrin, Donald L, Michelle C, Bligh and Jeffrey Kohles (2007) “Can I Trust You to Trust Me? A Theory of Trust, Monitoring, and Cooperation in Interpersonal and Intergroup Relationships”, Group Organization Management, 32 (4): 465-499.
–Fang, F. C., Yiming J. and Jeong, M. L. (2012). “I” value competence but “we” value social competence: The moderating role of voters’ individualistic and collectivistic orientation in political elections, University of Delaware, Department of Psychology, USA, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48.
–Farhadi., Morteza (2018). Assistive anthropology.Tehran. PERSIAN
–Ferasatkhah, Maghsoud. (2018) We iranians: a historical and social contextualizing of iranian ethos.‎Tehran. PERSIAN
–Fukuyama, Francis (2007) The end of the order, Tavasoli ,Gholam Abbas Tehran. PERSIAN
–Giddens, Anthony (2015) Sociology Sabouri, Manouchehr. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Hajilari, Morteza (2009), Journal of Islamic Azad University ,Investigating the cultural barriers to the development of group and group work in student collections.4.101-120  .
–Javadiyeganeh,Mohammadreza(2012)Survey of Citizens of Tehran on Individual and Community Interests
–Studies and program evaluation Programming and evaluation of IoT
–Habermas, Jürgen (2006). The theory of communicative action. poladi,kamal.Tehran PERSIAN
–Kelman James (2012)  Foundations of social theory , Tehran PERSIAN
–Keyes Corey L & Shapiro Adam D. (2004) Social Well-Being in the United States: A Descriptive Epidemiology. In Brim, Orville Gilbert; Ryff, Carol D.; and Kessler, Ronald C. (Eds) How Healthy Are We? A National Study of Well-Being at Midlife. U.S. University of Chicago Press.
–Keyes Corey L. M. (2006) Mental health in adolescence: Is America's youth flourishing? American journal of orthopsychiatry, vol. 76, n3, pp. 395-402
–Mohammadishakiba, Abas (2001) Survey of Citizens of Tehran on Individual and Community Interests. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Mahdavi, Mohammadsadegh. Mobaraki, Mohammad (2007) Analysis of Communication Action Theory. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Naser, Fokouhi (2008)From illusion to reality. Yearbook of Trust.Tehran. PERSIAN
–Nouroozi,  Feizolah(1997)Individualism among young people studying in Tehran PERSIAN
–Pinter, A. (2004). 'Public sphere and history: his torians response on habermas on the 'warth' of the past'. Journal of communication inqutry 28: july.
–Putnam, Robert D.(2014). Making democracy work : civic traditions in modern Italy.Delforouz, Mohammad taghi Tehran PERSIAN
–Sharepour Mahmoud (2011). Sociology of education. .‎Tehran. PERSIAN
–Sztompka, Piotr (2013) Trust: A sociological theory,Gafari, Golamreza. Tehran PERSIAN
–Simpson, Brent (2006) “Social Identity and Cooperation in Social Dilemmas”, Rationality and Society, 18 (4): 443-470.
–Tavasoli , Gholam Abbas. (2018).Sociological theories. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Turner, j. H, (1998),'The structure of sociological Theory'. Sixth Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Company, theus.
–Weber, Max (2014) Introduction to the basic concepts of sociology Hasan Pouyan. Tehran. PERSIAN
–Yamagishi, T, Satoshi Kanazawa, Rie Mashima and Shigeru Terai (2005) “Separating Trust from Cooperation in a Dynamic Relationship”, Rationality and Society, 17 (3): 275-308.