سنخ‌شناسی کیفی پیامدهای اسکان زنان در اردوگاه سیل‌زدگان با تأکید بر مؤلفه جنسیت (مطالعه زنان سیل‌زده شهرستان سوسنگرد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جامعه شناسی دانشگاه آیت اله بروجردی (ره)

2 دانشگاه ایت الله بروجردی

3 دانشگاه آیت الله بروجردی (ره)

چکیده

در آغاز سال 1398 سیلاب شهرهایی از استان خوزستان را دربرگرفت و در شهر سوسنگرد اردوگاه‌هایی برای اسکان زنان و کودکان در نظر گرفته شد. بر همین اساس پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل کیفی پیامدهای اسکان زنان سیل‌زده در اردوگاه‌ها، به روش کیفی تحلیل مضمون انجام گرفته است. نمونه‌گیری به صورت هدفمند بوده و تا زمان اشباع نظری و تعداد 20 مصاحبه انجام و روش گردآوری داده‌ها مصاحبه عمیق بدون ساختار بوده است. نتایج تحلیل داده‌ها به شیوه کدگذاری در نرم‌افزار NVivo8 نشان داد که پدیده «سکونت اردوگاهیِ زنانه» آنومی فردی و آنومی ساختاری را به دنبال داشته است. ابعاد آنومی فردی عبارتند از: 1)روان‌پریشی (با مقولات فرسایش عاطفی و فرسایش روانی) و 2)ناکارآمدی فردی با مقولات اختلال کارکرد فردی، خودسربارپنداری، فقدان حمایت نهادی و انزوای اجتماعی). ابعاد آنومی ساختاری نیز عبارتند از: 1)اجتماع‌پریشی(با مقولات فرسایش انسجام اجتماعی و فرسایش سرمایه اجتماعی) و 2)ناکارآمدی ساختاری(با مقولات اختلال کارکرد ساختاری، فرسایش سلامت اجتماعی، دیگرسربارپنداری و انزوای بخشی). آنچه در تحقیق حاضر به عنوان یک دستاورد مهم محسوب می‌گردد این است که دیدگاه زنانه به پدیده‌های اجتماعی با دیگاه مردانه متفاوت است و تجربه این پیامدهای منفی به واسطه جنسیت زنانه آنها و تأثیر جنسیت بر درک آنها از پدیده‌ها و نگرش آنها نسبت به پدیده‌هاست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Qualitative typology of the consequences of women's accommodation in the flood camp with emphasis on the gender component (study of flooded women in Susangard city)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Hosseini 1
  • narges khoshkalam 2
  • Entesar mosavi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University
2 Ayatollah boroujerdi university
3 Ayatollah Boroujerdi University
چکیده [English]

At the beginning of 2018, floods hit cities in Khuzestan province, and camps for women and children were set up in the Susangerd city. Accordingly, the present study aimed to qualitatively analyze the consequences of the accommodation of women in the camps in a qualitative manner. Sampling was purposeful and until the time of theoretical saturation and 20 interviews and the method of data collection was an in-depth interview without structure. The results of data analysis by coding in NVivo8 software showed that the phenomenon of "female camp accommodation" has led to individual anomie and structural anomie. Dimensions of individual anomie are: 1)psychosis (with the categories of emotional erosion and psychological erosion) and 2)individual inefficiency with the categories of individual dysfunction, self over-assumption, lack of institutional support and social isolation). Dimensions of structural anomie are: 1)community aphasia (with the categories of erosion of social cohesion and erosion of social capital) and 2)structural inefficiency (with the categories of structural dysfunction, erosion of social health, other over-assumption and segregation of isolation). What is considered important in the present study is that women's views of social phenomena are different from men's views, and the experience of these negative consequences is due to their feminine gender and the impact of gender on their understanding of phenomena and attitudes. They are about phenomena.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Susangard city
  • Flood Camp
  • Women
  • thematic analysis
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