بررسی مشکلات اسکلتی- عضلانی زنان و ارتباط آن با فرسودگی‌شغلی در جامعه زنان کارمند

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تاریخ، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه لرستان ، خرم آباد، ایران

2 گروه تاریخ، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

3 گروه هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی، کرمانشاه،

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی مشکلات اسکلتی- عضلانی زنان و ارتباط آن با فرسودگی‌شغلی در جامعه زنان کارمند انجام گرفت. روش مطالعه کاربردی از نوع علی – مقایسه ای یا پس رویدادی می باشد. جامعۀ آماری را زنان شاغل در آموزش و پرورش استان کرمانشاه به تعداد118 نفر تشکیل دادند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه استاندارد اختلالات اسکلتی- عضلانی نوردیک(1987) و پرسشنامه استاندارد فرسودگی شغلی مزلاچ(1981) بود. داده ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، لجستیک، آزمون کای دو به دست آمد. یافته ها نشان داد که رابطه بین فرسودگی شغلی و شیوع اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی در ناحیه ی گردن، پشت، باسن یا ران، شانه، آرنج و مچ دست معنادار است (۰۵/۰>P). بین فرسودگی شغلی کارکنان زن آموزش و پرورش و سایر نقاط اسکلتی- عضلانی مورد بررسی بدن (کمر و زانو) رابطه معناداری وجود نداشت (۰۵/۰< p).بین سن کارکنان و اختلالات اسکلتی – عضلانی در نواحی گردن، پشت، ران، زانو، شانه، آرنج، کمر و مچ دست ارتباط آماری معنی داری وجود دارد(۰۵/۰>P).بین سابقه شغلی کارکنان و اختلالات اسکلتی – عضلانی در نواحی گردن، پشت، ران، زانو، شانه، آرنج، کمر و مچ دست ارتباط آماری معنی داری وجود ندارد (۰۵/۰< p). بین میزان تحصیلات کارکنان و اختلالات اسکلتی – عضلانی در نواحی گردن، پشت، ران، زانو، شانه، آرنج، کمر و مچ دست ارتباط آماری معنی داری وجود ندارد (۰۵/۰< p).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Musculoskeletal Problems of Women and its Relationship with Burnout in the Working Women Community

نویسندگان [English]

  • farhad parvaneh 1
  • Amir Rezvantabar 2
  • neda kaledyan 3
1 Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Anesthesiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders are one of the most important occupational health problems and one of the most common and costly occupational injuries, as they account for one-third of work-related injuries each year. The aim of this study was to investigate the musculoskeletal problems of women and its relationship with burnout in working women.
Materials and Methods: The applied study method was causal-comparative or post-event. The statistical population consisted of 118 women working in education in Kermanshah province. Data collection tools were the standard Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire (1987) and the standard Mezlach Burnout Questionnaire (1981). Data were obtained using Pearson correlation coefficient, logistics, chi-square test
Findings: The relationship between burnout and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the neck, back, buttocks or thighs, shoulders, elbows and wrists is significant (P <0.05). There was no significant relationship in other musculoskeletal areas of the body (waist and knees) (P <0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that in order to improve the education necessary to prevent these disorders in women and people with more than 5 years of work experience, it should be followed more seriously. It is necessary to take the necessary measures to reduce employee burnout (conduct ergonomic intervention programs in the workplace), especially those with high burnout

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • burnout
  • Female Employees

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