عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Nursing plays a vital role in a health care system. Realities of today's nurses in Iran like the remarkable presence of women in this profession cause the experience of high levels of work – family conflict. Current study attempts to determine the organizational and psychological factors affecting on the work – family conflict among married female nurses working in Shiraz private hospitals. Necessary data was collected through a combined questionnaire that has been filled out by a sample of 214 people. The sample was selected from a statistical population of 481 by using a multi-stage methodology (cluster, stratified and random sampling). Data were analyzed using LISREL 8.50 through path analysis and Goodness–of–Fit–indices. Findings from path analysis indicate that supervisors’ support reduces the role conflict and role ambiguity as well as work – family conflict. Job involvement has a similar effect on the role conflict and role ambiguity, but it has direct relationship with work–family conflict. This study also found that role conflict and role ambiguity increase work–family conflict. Results demonstrate that selecting appropriate supporting policies by supervisors directly and indirectly decreases work–family conflict (through role conflict and role ambiguity). It should be noted that although indirect effect on work – family conflict of job involvement is negative, but the magnitude of this effect is not strong enough to make the total effect negative.